The Rubik’s Cube (sometimes misspelled Rubix cube) was invented in 1974 by Ernő Rubik, a Hungarian architect, and professor of architecture. He created it while trying to create a 3D model of a 4-dimensional hypercube, which did not prove possible with the existing technology at the time. To demonstrate that such a construction was possible, he built what would later become known as the Rubik’s Cube to map out all possible arrangements of the colored tiles on its faces, which together form an n-dimensional structure assembled into one giant cube.
The Rubik’s Cube has been around since 1974. Dr. Rubik had always been interested in puzzles and enjoyed inventing them and solving them. In this article, you’ll learn about Dr. Rubik and how he invented the famous Rubik’s Cube!
Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik is best known for inventing the Rubik’s Cube. Although it was originally created as a teaching tool, it quickly became a popular toy and puzzle.
The Rubik’s Cube was invented by Ernő Rubik, born in Budapest, Hungary, in 1944. In the mid-1970s, he created the cube while trying to create a 3D model of a primitive four-sided puzzle called the Magic Cube (created by Larry Nichols). Rubik worked out how to make all the sides of the cube one solid color by gluing together white and colored plastic cubes and came up with an algorithm that allows you to align all sides of the cube with just one move.
The Rubik’s Cube design
Ernő Rubik first working prototype was built in May 1974. It took Ernő another month to figure out how to solve his puzzle. The cube was patented in Hungary on January 13, 1977, and launched internationally by Ideal Toy Corporation in 1980.
The fascinating history of puzzles
At 29, Rubik was fiddling in his bedroom at his mother’s apartment in the spring of 1974. He compares his room to the interior of a child’s pocket since it is littered with crayons, string, sticks, springs, and paper scraps on every surface. It also contained cubes he had constructed himself out of wood and paper.
One day, he attempted to assemble eight cubes such that they could remain attached to one another while still moving around and swapping positions. He constructed the cubes from wood, and to connect them; he bored holes in their corners. The thing immediately disintegrated.
After many attempts, Rubik discovered the unique construction method that permitted him to construct a paradoxical object: a solid, immobile object that is also fluid. After initially rotating his wooden cube, he decided to color the squares to highlight their movement. He used white, yellow, blue, red, orange, green, and other colors to paint the squares’ faces. As he continued to twist it, he realized that he might not be able to return it to its former state.
He had no idea how to get out of the vibrant maze in which he was lost. Several inaccurate tales of Rubik’s creative process would surface once the cube became a worldwide success. According to reports, he isolated himself and spent weeks working on the cube day and night. He went to work, saw friends, and spent his free time amusing himself by attempting to solve the cube.
The Rubik’s Cube has developed into one of the most enduring, alluring, frustrating, and captivating puzzles ever made nearly five decades since it was first produced. Globally, more than 350 million cubes have been sold; if you count imitations, the number is much higher. Computer programmers, philosophers, and artists are all enthralled by them. Numerous publications have been written discussing cube design principles, proposing speed-solving techniques, or examining the philosophical implications of cubes.