Uzletresz.hu reports that on an average 31% of the companies in Hungary have women leaders or have women with authority to sign in the name of the company. This is not a bad ratio compared to other countries on the continent or even worldwide.
Of course, we still need more women lawmakers, since they account for merely 10 percent of Hungarian MPs today, but at first glance, it looks like we are doing good in the business sector.
However, if we are looking at the different types of companies, the numbers change drastically. Statistics show that women are more likely to be in a leadership position at larger enterprises and micro-firms. In small and medium-sized enterprises (SME), where the income reaches at least 50 million Ft (156,000 euros), the number of women leaders is much lower. At these companies, 82% of the leaders are men.
Major industries might have a larger number of women leaders because there are some sectors where women are over-represented, for example in banks, insurance companies, accounting firms.
Micro-firms are run by women mainly because they want a place with flexible schedule and more time to spend with their children.
It is interesting to note that according to a survey done by Cox Business, free time is not the main reason why women start their own companies. It is much more common that they just do not want to work for someone else, to report to a boss. Another reason is that they want more control over their life and a chance to work in an area they are passionate about. Although men’s reasons for starting their own companies are probably pretty similar.
However, the situation of women entrepreneurs is not as good as these numbers would like to show. According to a survey done by MasterCard, Hungary is only the 41st out of 57 countries. MasterCard’s Index of Women Entrepreneurs reveals how things like access to financial services and ease of doing business influence the success or these women.
The OECD says that men and women are equally confident about their future, once they manage to get their company going. There are still differences between the salaries of men and women, whether we are talking about them as employers or entrepreneurs. But it has been shown, that women as entrepreneurs earn less than men because they spend less time working.
Many women become entrepreneurs out of necessity,
but this could entail many things. It could mean that they need this kind of freedom to pursue their careers, to organise their schedule or to have time for their family.