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Photo: Kató Alpár- Daily News Hungary

Although the epidemiological situation and free public transport for some people will have affected the data in 2020 and probably will in 2021, too, BKK summarised the fare-dodging statistics of last year.

According to, the number of people who have to be fined has been steadily declining since 2015, which is probably also due to the fact that BKK has been stricter with fare-dodgers for some years now, has made ticket control and the process of fining fare-dodgers more efficient, and, “in 2019, by recruiting hundreds of new employees, it has changed the culture of ticket controlling, and all these changes are also reflected in passengers’ attitudes.”

Let’s see what this means in numbers:

  • In 2020, 133,000 passengers were fined, which is one-third of the figure from five years ago. In 2015, 364,000 passengers were fined.
  • The number of those who pay the fine on the spot has nearly doubled since 2015, increasing from 49 thousand to 88 thousand. The amount of the fine is thus reduced to half (to HUF 8,000 – €22). The growing trend stopped in 2020; according to BKK, this is due to the decline in passenger numbers that the epidemic brought with it.
  • There is also a negative record: in 2020, the amount of money paid in fines actually increased again. After the legal proceedings, the largest lump sum payment was HUF 2.7 million (€7,780), which was brought on by 14 enforcement proceedings on the basis of 65 fines. But they also collected a HUF 1.8 million and a HUF 1.5 million fine.

BKK writes that tens of thousands of orders for payment and enforcement proceedings are initiated each year against those who use public transport services without a ticket or pass. Between 2015 and 2020, BKK initiated more than 200,000 orders for payment and more than 146,000 enforcement proceedings. Ticket control is no longer done through an external contractor but with their own staff in all cases, who are said to be polite, helpful, and able to help, so passengers have more confidence in them. Another advantage is that they can speak a foreign language in addition to Hungarian.


  1. What happened to the plan to do away with paper tickets anf for everyone to use electronic cards as many other countries? Déak Ter was all kitted out with electronic barriers needed and one or two buses and trams had the card touch readers fitted but that seems to be that.

  2. The act of Fare evasion – is an act that Effects all other public transport users.
    We cheat literally on each other – if we Fare evade.
    It should not be tolerated and those who try to beat or outsmart the system and get caught – fines are the correct process to deter Fare evasion.
    Hit there pockets harder than the price of the fare cost – they tried to take as a freebie.

  3. Insider Information the move to a ticketless paper system, the best and simplest explanation answering Anonymous, is that the Information Technology being Software and Hardware, the groundwork and preparation eventuated into a major underestimate of cost, through the incorrect inadequate system that was agreed to make the public transport system function and operate as paper ticketless.
    The concept in its stages of process continually bought out un-thought of extensive costly problems, that the decided system was built on to operate a ticketless paper system, and had they continued endeavouring to re-write and introduce it, the cost would have been spine-chilling.

  4. Anonymous – may find an interesting read – htttps://
    The State Governments of Victoria, Australia commencement 2002 – the “criminal” underestimates of this public transport ticketing system was appalling.
    Governments just spent on and on – the new ticketing system delayed and delayed then would operate and collapse.
    The millions extra that the tax payers of the State of Victoria paid from there taxes as the “dud” system progressed just Criminal.
    NO head ever rolled in the State Government of Victoria for this debacle.
    Transport Ministers survived and the Debt kept rising.
    Trust you find it of interest and Hope we in Budapest, Hungary, if and when again this idea of a paperless ticketing public transport system is mentioned, the hard yardage of INVESTIGATION is undertaken before any new gates, machines whatever introduced into stations or buses.

  5. James & Gary – at one time Tfl (Transport for London) were consultants for BKK. The Tfl paperless system calked Oyster works seamlessly and bear in mind that the transport system there is much, much bigger than in Budapest. The tried and tested technology exists and has been in use for many years. It significantly reduced fare evasion.

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