The commemoration of the Revolution and the War of Independence of 1848-49 is one of the most important national holidays of Hungary. Due to the history of the Revolution and the War of Independence, this is perhaps one of the best-documented events in Hungarian history. However, there are still many events that not even Hungarians know.
Not many people know the fact that 10,000 people at the university and later 20,000 people at the Buda Castle gathered in heavy rain. As Sándor Petőfi wrote in his diary:
“It was raining as we walked down the street, and it lasted until late night, but enthusiasm is like Greek fire: water can’t put it out.”
Lack of violence
During this period in history, there have been several revolutions and civil wars in world history. However, the 15 March 1848, by contrast, was completely devoid of violent manifestations.
The crowd cheered and applauded, there was no violent act.
After visiting the university and the printing press, the insurgents even took a lunch break. So, at 12 o’clock, everyone went home for lunch. After that, at 3 p.m., a mass twice as large as before continued the revolution.
According to many, Mihály Táncsics and his release are an iconic moment of the revolution. However, Táncsics, who was of Slovak and Croatian descent, played a small role in the events. He immediately translated his name into Hungarian after his release, after which he retired.
Although expected as a guest of honour, he did not appear at the closing theatre performance at the National Theatre.
He started a weekly newspaper, but he was confronted with Kossuth’s point of view. So, Kossuth banned Táncsics’s newspaper, writes tortenelmi.blog.hu.
The young poet Károly Sükei was also there at Pilvax. After hanging the famous 12 points on the wall next to the coffee shop, he began to recite to the people around him. The problem was that Sükei was stuttering very heavily.
A secret policeman in the crowd almost took Sükei to the house of fools because of this.
However, the citizens of Pest defended the speaker, and then the crowd went to the printing press.
“I cannot resist violence”
Due to the Vienna Revolution, Lajos Landerer prepared multiple papers in his printing house. He told his employees that if a small crowd comes, they will send them away. If many come, they will fulfil their request. With the appearance of 5,000 people, the latter scenario became a reality, writes torimaskepp.blog.hu.
Landerer drew the attention of revolutionaries to the fact that he would not print anything without a censorship seal. The crowd was then embarrassed. The printer suggested occupying a press machine in the name of the revolution. The revolutionaries listened to his advice. Then, Landerer sighed, spread his arms, and said:
“I cannot resist violence.”
Source: torimaskepp.blog.hu, tortenelmi.blog.hu