A recent study researched the reasons why people leave their country and start a new life abroad, according to Femina.hu. Though only the unemployment rate in the European Union was merely 8.2% at the end of 2016, companies still lack workers with proper skills, so western countries often try to tempt employees from the East. Cpl checked the employees of the V4 countries (the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary) from the aspect of mobility.
They are mostly flat- and house-renters instead of being owners. They are more open-minded, whether it is about business, challenges or lifestyle. Moving abroad for the sake of working affects 32 million people in the EU in 2016. This tendency is present especially in Central and Eastern Europe: 15% more V4 citizens feel an urge to move abroad.
The most important reason for moving away is work (35%), but there are other significant motives as well: some people seek change (30%), while sometimes they leave the country because of family issues (20%). The main motivation among men is financial well-being, while women are tempted by learning foreign languages and cultures.
Hungarians were proven to be the most motivated in language learning among the researched countries. Everyone expects personal development. People hope to get rewards and other types of extra money when applying for a job abroad. 4% stated that they do not want to move away among any circumstances, while 3% would gladly go anytime unconditionally.
The most valued feature of a country is safety, regardless of age, sex, nationality, status or rank. 85% percent meant economic stability by safety, but political safety is also honored among people under 26. Only Hungarian and Slovakian employees above 50 years are concerned about the distance between the desired workplace and their current home.
Young people appreciate hospitality, while people in their thirties prefer good traffic.
About destinations: more than 50% wants to go to Prague, 29% to Warsaw and 27% to Budapest.
On the global list of the top 50 most popular cities 22 contenders are European concerning living standards, but only one of them is from Central and Eastern Europe: Budapest.
Most people (33%) are planning for 1-3 years, and only 15% is thinking about going abroad permanently. This time is somewhat shorter among employees of education, coaching and training, while it is twice as high among supply workers. Among the four V4 countries, Hungary has the lowest rate among people going away in the last half year.
The average salary in the EU increased by 2.39% in 2016. This means 1508 euros. This sum serves as a demarcation among EU member countries.
14 countries belong to the group above and below this average: all the V4 countries are in the latter category.
This is a vicious circle: while Eastern Europeans go west to get higher salaries, Western Europeans go east in a hope of cheaper goods and lower expenses. Hungarian and Polish workers are only sure about moving abroad if they can increase their salary by 65%, while a 50% growth is sufficient for Slovakians.
It can be clearly seen that though job offers are not the only reasons for leaving your country, but it is still the most significant one.