As Daily News Hungary has already reported, permanent labour shortage causes serious problems to Hungarian economy. Though retail trade is growing, companies cannot find cashiers, sellers or stock associates in Hungary even for higher wages. Thus, the biggest Hungarian food stores are searching for at least 1,000 shop assistants at the moment – according to blokkk.com. A kind of solution could be wage union initiated by Hungarian opposition party Jobbik.
Auchan, Spar and Tesco have increased wages for their employees lately.
Despite offering more money than the average, they are still in great need for new employees.
Based on modest estimates, not long before Christmas there are the same number of “I will be back in a minute” slate hanging signs than the ones showing price cut’s, which clearly shows that even small businesses suffer from permanent labour shortage.
In fact, shopkeepers have been grieving especially for the past two years. While their income enhanced, the number of shops decreased. In addition,
the number of their employees dropped by 23,000 between the second quarter of 2016 and the Q2 of 2017.
|2016 I.||2016 II.||2016 III.||2016 IV.||2017 I.||2017 II.|
|Number of employees
|Number of shops
|Source: Hungarian Central Statistical Office|
Meanwhile, wages increased among physical workers like cashiers, sellers or stock associates, as well. As a result, their salaries exceeded 189 thousand forints (605 EUR) in August meaning a 17% increase compared to the 162 thousand (520 EUR) in the previous year. This 27 thousand forints (86.5 EUR), however, were only enough to maintain staff in these jobs.
Clearly, wages in retail trade grow continuously. However, the smaller a shop is, the more difficult is to assure the financial background for such salaries. All in all, this means that
shops have to pay more for their employees than they could normally afford.
Undoubtedly, huge food stores pay the biggest salaries. Obviously, it is hard to find data on their staff-problems and open jobs or the offered wages, but not impossible. Biggest chains recruit on their websites and, of course, they try to find new employees otherwise, as well.
Labour shortage is the most problematic before Christmas, causing long queues in front of the cashier’s desks.
According to calculations of blokkk.com, six of the biggest food stores in Hungary search for at least 1,000 employees.
|Number of jobs announced||198||139||100||109||165||350|
|Sourse: websites of the companies, blokkk.com collection|
Admittedly, wages are going to increase further in 2018, but this will not ease labour shortage, because qualified workforce still goes to work abroad. The problem is complex; a solution could be Jobbik’s wage union initiative. This European citizen’s initiative aims to
balance salaries between Western-Europe and Eastern-Europe by increasing the latter.
Hence, Eastern-Europeans would not move to the West to find better living conditions.
Source: blokkk.com, Daily News Hungary