The 10 greatest victorious Hungarian battles of history
Honvedelem.hu collected 10 victorious battles. Here are ten battles, sieges and breakthroughs which were won by Hungarians, szeretlekmagyarorszag.hu said.
Battle of Pozsony (Bratislava)
The battle of Pozsony is considered as one of the greatest victories of Hungary, because the only 40 thousand-people Hungarian army could win over the German army of hundred thousand (other sources say lower numbers) in July 907. The army of the Eastern Frank Kingdom came to occupy the territory of the Hungarians. The attackers were led by Prince Luitpold of Bavaria and Theotmar, Archbishop of Salzburg. The Hungarian commander was Prince Arpad or one of his sons.
The relevance of the battle is that it was the first patriotic war of the Hungarians and they also demonstrated they could hold the Carpathian Basin.
The victory in Nandorfehervar (Belgrade)
The triumph of Nandorfehervar was one of the most significant events of the Hungarian-Turkish wars. Between July 4-21, 1456, the defenders led by Mihaly Szilagyi heroically kept the fortress against the besieging army of Sultan Mehmed II, which has more-than a tenfold outnumber. On July 22, the Hungarians led by Janos Hunyadi defeated the Turks.
Battle of Kenyermezo (Breadfield)
In September 1479, 40 thousand Turkish and 15 thousand Wallachian soldiers invaded Transylvania and devastated Mezoseg. Istvan Bathori Voivod of Transylvania called to arms the Szekelys, the Saxons and the Moldavians and went against the Turks. Pal Kinizsi, Bailiff of Temes also mobilized, szeretlekmagyarorszag.hu said.
The invading army lost thousands of people, moreover, in spite of the numerical superiority of the Turks had to flee from the battleground.
Taking of Vienna
King Matyas conquered the Austrian capital in 1485, after a 5-month siege. Then Matyas solemnly marched into the richest city of the Habsburgs. Five days later, the councilors of Vienna took an oath of loyalty to the king, who assumed the title of Austrian prince and moved his headquarters to the occupied city.
The siege of Koszeg
Sultan Suleiman I tried to occupy Koszeg as part of the 1532’s campaign. However, the relatively small castle led by Miklos Jurisics withstood the attacks over three weeks. The victory confirmed the significance of the fortresses, since the Turkish army was more successful in open battles, but with the fortresses, one could stand in their way.
The victory of Eger
The unsuccessful siege of Eger is considered as one of the greatest Hungarian victories. Suleiman I launched a campaign in 1552 to avenge the reunification attempt of the royal Hungary and Transylvania in 1551. He wanted to conquer every castle of the Hungarian borde castles. Istvan Dobo and his army prevented it, the northern war path got liberated and the mining towns of Felvidek could also breathe easily.
Battle of Nagyharsany
It is also called the second battle of Mohacs by the historians, because it was 25 km from the city, but, fortunately, it had a very different outcome than the first.
The Christian army was led by Charles of Lorraine, and they triumphed hugely over the bigger Turkish army.
Battle of Pakozd
It was the first battle of the 1848-49 War of Independence, and the first victory as well, thanks to which our country preserved the independence attained by the April laws.
25 thousand Hungarians and 35 thousand Croats led by Jelacic clashed with each other and the Croat leader had to withdraw, szeretlekmagyarorszag.hu said.
Battle of Isaszeg
The first decisive battle of the spring campaign was fought between Isaszeg and Godollo in April 6, 1849. The Hungarians wanted to push back the Austrians as much as possible. The enemy led by Windisch Gratz wanted to expel the Hungarians beyond the River Tisza. However, the Hungarians managed to expel the enemy from their reinforced positions.
The breakthrough of Gorlice
First World War lasted nearly one year, when the Central Powers were close to defeat in 1915. After the three-day offensive, the Tsar’s troops lost the hope to make peace with the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, and Bulgaria entered the war in the side of the Central Powers.
based on the article of szeretlekmagyarorszag.hu
translated by BA