Every third employee in Hungary is a commuter
Almost 1,5 million Hungarians work outside their hometown or village, according to the data collected during latest population census. Most of the commuters live in Budapest, Érd and Budakeszi. Lechnerkozpont.hu reports that commuters go to work to Budapest from altogether 2087 different places.
In 2011, 34 percent of Hungarian employees were commuters, including those too who work abroad and those who shift between towns.
Most people go from Budapest to other towns, there are altogether 78681 individuals fitting into this category. The capital is followed by Érd with 17,321 commuters and Dunakeszi with 12,226 commuters. 17 percent of commuters go to work to Budapest, while 30829 people go to Székesfehérvár, this is followed by Győr with 30,281 commuters and Miskolc with 25,704 commuters working there.
Lechner Központ states that they examined the results of the 2011 population census published by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO). 1,340,831 commuters were examined, especially focusing on those 837,186 individuals who went to work to one of the bigger cities. The results from the latter category show that 29,427 different routes were taken, the average distance was 92 kilometres and the average time needed to get to work was 74 minutes.
The following map illustrates the percentage of those residents living in the included places who go to work to other cities or towns. The majority of commuters reside in the Western Transdanubia, these towns and villages fit into the category where 75,1 or 100 percent of the residents work elsewhere. A very good example for this is Lendvadedes, where all seven employed residents work in other towns. Most of the towns and villages (1,603 altogether) fit into the 50,1-75 percent category. The 25,1-50 percent rates are found mostly in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg counties. There are only 155 places falling into the 0-25 percent category, mostly located in the previous two counties. In the whole country, there are only three places where there were no commuters, these being Csenyéte, Gagyapáti and Litka.
Lechner Központ has provided an interactive map illustrating other data. Since the map is available only in Hungarian, the categories in English are translated as follows:
Más településekre elingázók a foglalkoztatottak arányában = The percentage of commuters working in other cities or towns than their hometown
Összes foglalkoztatott száma = The number of employed individuals
…ebből más településekre elingázók száma = The number of those employed individuals working elsewhere
…ebből járásközpontokba elingázók száma = The number of those employed individuals working in district centers
elingázó = commuter
Céltelepülés (járásközpont) = place of work
Elingázók száma = number of commuters working elsewhere
Elingázók az összes elingázó arányában = the percentage of commuters working here compared to the origin town
Leggyorsabb út hossza = the length of the fastest route
Leggyorsabb út időtartama = time needed to take the fastest route
Based on the data above, we can conclude that most of the commuters work at Budapest, and the commuters living in Budapest, went to work to 156 different district centers in 2011. The commuters from Debrecen went to 94 centers, from Miskolc to 90 centers and from Szeged to 82. The first fifteen towns from where people went to work elsewhere all have county rights. On average, commuters went to nine different city centers from one town.
Budapest is also first from the point of view of how many people go to work there: commuters arrived from 2,087 places in 2011, which meant that 66 percent of the towns and villages were represented. Next in line is Győr with 761, Zalaegerszeg with 680 and Pécs with 588. Among the district centers the last one is Sarkad, with commuters arriving from only 25 places.
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