The rose is the acknowledged and undisputed “queen of the garden”. This flower in the morning dew can be considered one of nature’s wonders.
It is always a pleasure to observe how the bud grows, then the flower opens, and how it begins to glow from within. One can admire the amazing shape endlessly. But despite such a high title for this beautiful flower, caring for it is not difficult at all. Start with a single rose so that you know how to care for it. Then you can plant roses even in the whole garden. The main thing is to take good care of them because this flower needs attention.
Types of Roses
There are a huge number of roses. For convenience, they are grouped into groups, and there are many varieties in each group. There are more than 25,000 known varieties in the world today. How to navigate in all this variety, if you are a novice rose grower?
So, there are types of flowers by the number of petals:
- Simple – less than 8 petals.
- Semi-Flowered – 8 to 20 petals.
- Moderately floral – 21-29 petals.
- Medium-flowered – 30-39 petals.
- Thickly flushed – more than 40 petals.
However, every year, the world’s nurseries breed new varieties.
Now let’s move on to the main 12 groups of roses:
- Tea-hybrid roses.
- Floribunda roses.
- English roses.
- Park roses.
- Groundcover roses.
- Miniature roses (Dwarf roses).
- Pleated roses.
- Grandiflora roses.
- Polyanthus roses.
- Remontant roses.
- Musk roses.
- Canadian roses.
As you can see, there are many options. But it’s only up to your taste preferences to decide which variety to choose for you. If you are just planning to organize a rose garden in your garden, but do not know exactly how to grow roses, you should read the rules of growing.
The Fundamentals of Growing Roses for Beginners
The basic rules of care are about the same – moderate watering, pruning, feeding, disease, pest control, and covering for the winter. Note the main points:
Roses prefer slightly acidic soils (pH 6.5 to 6.8). Soils that are well permeable to water are best for growing roses. If you are making soil improvements, remember to encourage soil drainage by adding peat moss.
Watering requirements depend on growing conditions. On average, it is best to water rose bushes abundantly twice a week. Watering regimen: Two deep spills per week are preferable to four shallow, incomplete waterings. Do not water late in the evening, this can lead to powdery mildew. Powdery mildew is a very common disease among roses.
Growing rose bushes when there is not adequate spacing can also lead to powdery mildew. Let your roses breathe: Don’t plant bushes too close together. Follow the spacing requirements for each cultivar, as indicated on the purchase labels.
Roses like to be in the sun for six hours a day. Six hours of morning sun is better than six hours of the afternoon sun. These are the general rules for caring for roses in your garden. Some varieties may have specific agronomic requirements, so it is important to know the peculiarities of the variety you choose.
Roses are extremely beautiful plants that fill the garden with majestic charm and captivating fragrance. If you want your homestead to look chic, you can’t do without the queen of flowers!