Where and how to apply for it, who is entitled to an EU Covid certificate, where to travel with it? What is the validity? We try to answer all these questions below.
The EU Digital Covid Card certifies that you have either
The certificate can be obtained by a person who has been vaccinated against Covid-19 in an EU Member State – it is already valid after the first vaccination, but whether the 2nd dose has been received will be included in the document, which will also include
Holders of the certificate cannot be asked to undergo further testing or quarantine during travel when crossing borders – up to 14 days after the 2nd dose.
The card will be available in all EU Member States, as well as in Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, and negotiations are underway with the US.
Member States are only required to accept vaccines approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA): Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Janssen. That is, those who have been vaccinated with Sinopharm or Sputnik vaccines may be at a disadvantage. Still, it is important that Member States can decide to authorise vaccines outside the EMA under their own responsibility.
For instance, the Hungarian government has concluded bilateral agreements with several countries (Albania, Bahrain, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Northern Macedonia, Georgia, Croatia, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine). Citizens of those states may visit each other’s countries without restriction.
Before travelling, you should find out about the conditions in the given country at the Consular Service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and in the Re-Open EU application.
For the time being, all that is known about the validity is that it is for 12 months, but that may change, as it is not even possible to know for how long a vaccine offers protection.
Each country makes decisions on the issuance of the card: the document can be issued by, for example, test centres or health authorities, but can also be demanded directly via an e-health portal. It will be available in both digital and printed formats.
In Hungary, according to the plans, the paper-based card can be requested at the government offices (kormányablak), and the electronic version via the customer portal through the Electronic Portal of the Healthcare Service (EESZT).
Vaccinated children aged 12-15 can also receive certificates. If someone is younger than this, but their parents have a certificate, the Commission recommends that they also be free to travel, and those under the age of 6 should be exempt from travel-related checks.