29 August 2015 mark the 489th anniversary of the Battle of Mohács, a crucial event in the Hungarian history. Watching this animated re-enactment of the battle is one way to pay a special tribute to those who sacrificed their lives for Hungary in 1526 and thereafter.
The Battle of Mohács was fought on 29 August 1526 near Mohács, Kingdom of Hungary, and was a decisive event for the history of Europe for the following centuries. In the battle, forces of the Kingdom of Hungary led by Ludwig II were defeated by forces of the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent.
The Ottoman victory led to the partition of Hungary for several centuries between the Ottoman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, and the Principality of Transylvania. The death of Ludwig II as he was fleeing from the battlefield marked the end of the Jagiellon dynasty in Hungary and Bohemia.
Besides Ludwig II, it is generally accepted that Archbishop Tomori, Archbishop of Esztergom, László Szalkai and eleven bishops, sixteen bannerets and twelve magnates, four thousand cavalrymen, and ten thousand infantrymen also lost their lives in the battle.
The victory did not give the Ottomans the security they had wanted. Though they entered Buda and pillaged the castle and its surroundings, they retreated soon afterwards. It was not until 1541 that the Ottomans finally captured and occupied Buda. However, to all intents and purposes, the Battle of Mohács meant the end of the independent Kingdom of Hungary as a unified territory.
To this day, Hungarians view Mohács as marking the end of an independent and once powerful European nation. While Mohács was a decisive loss, it was its aftermath that truly put an end to independent Hungary. The following two hundred years of near constant warfare between the two empires: Habsburg and Ottoman, devastated the Hungarian countryside and decimated the population.
The battlefield became an official national historical memorial site in 1976, on the 450th anniversary of the battle.
The re-enactment video was made in memory of a famous Hungarian military-historian, Géza Perjés.
written by Gábor Hajnal
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