Bejgli is often referred to in English as “walnut roll” or “poppy seed roll” and it is considered to be a typical Hungarian pastry in the Christmas period. Its traces can be found in folk traditions as well, where both fillings had their different symbolic meaning: walnut provided protection against hexes, while poppy seeds — which were imported from Eurasia through the Ottomans — meant prosperity.

The most popular theory is that bejgli is based on a type of a cake from Silesia, while other sources claim that it originates from Armenia. It reached Hungary in the second half of the 19th century. It was first made only by families for celebrations. Its spreading to confectionaries has been debated. One theory relates bejgli to bakers from Pozsony (Bratislava). According to this version, they decided in 1559 that they will begin to bake curved walnut and poppy seed cakes for selling.

Others claim that an unnamed confectioner from Pozsony came up with the idea who made a kind of a mini-bejgli on St. Nicolas day to present his children.

There is a similar cake in the Jewish cuisine, the so-called flodni, but it is made with both walnut and poppy seeds at the same time. It is probably thanks to the influence of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy that it received a German name. It originates from the Yiddish word Beigl and the German expression for bending (beugen), according to Life.huBeigl is a popular Jewish U-shaped cake, the predecessor of the American Bagel. It shows some resemblance to the crescent of Pozsony.

The recipe comes from the urban areas, the countryside adapted it into its cuisine only in the 19th century.

It became a regular meal in some regions, but it is still related to Advent and Christmas.

The traditional baking process of bejgli requires a lot of time, often a whole day. Grinding the walnut and the poppy seeds, forming and stretching the pasta and baking it are complex tasks. Of course, as in the case of many other traditional dishes, many cooks tried to figure out a recipe with less calories. It can be baked from spelt flour and the filling can be flavored with sugar substitutes.

Here is a simple recipe of bejgli, retrieved from


  • 500 grams of flour
  • 200 grams of melted butter
  • 50 grams of powdered sugar
  • 10 grams of yeast
  • 150 milliliters of milk
  • 1 egg yolk
  • 1 dip of salt
  • 10 grams of vanilla sugar
  • grinded lemon peel

The filling

  • 500 grams of grinded walnut or poppy seeds
  • grinded lemon peel
  • cinnamon (in case of poppy seeds)
  • grinded orange peel
  • grinded cloves (in case of poppy seeds)
  • 260 grams of sugar
  • 20 grams of vanilla sugar
  • 300 milliliters of water

The covering

  • 1 egg
  • 2 egg yolk


  1. Stir the sugar and the yeast in one half of the cold milk and the butter, egg yolk, salt and lemon peel in the other.
  2. Mold everything together with the flour. Let the dough raise for 15 minutes in a dry place.
  3. Meanwhile, make the filling: boil the sugar with the water for one minute.
  4. Mix the walnut or the poppy seeds with the flavorings, then scald it with the sugar syrup. If the syrup proves to be too little, add some jam or honey to the mixture.
  5. Cool down the filling.
  6. Cut the dough into four identical parts, then measure them, as they will require the same weight in filling.
  7. Roll the dough to be 4-5 millimeters thick. Try to make it a rectangle.
  8. Spread the filling evenly on the dough (or stretch it between two bags).
  9. Roll it all up, then shut the two ends with the dough and pat it.
  10. Put it into an oven pan and cover it with the mixture of two egg yolks and an egg, then wait for it to dry. Then repeat both the covering and the waiting.
  11. Pierce it with a fork 4-5 times and put it into the oven.
  12. If it deforms, you can repair it while it is still hot with two cutting boards.

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Source:,, Daily News Hungary

  1. we call it dios kalacs and makos kalascs. why is there different names for the the pastry that looks the same?

  2. Julie,
    Dios pronounced “dee osh” means walnuts
    Makos pronounced “Mock osh” means poppy
    Hence the different names for the filling used.

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