Zsuzsanna Zsohár, spokesperson of Migration Aid has a revolutionary idea that goes far beyond Hungary, and is in accordance with the EU regulations: a plan for how to keep refugees in Turkey without making them suffer in refugee camps, where they live their lives in total passivity.
Many migrants who are currently going through Hungary have spent some time in Syrian camps, and there are still about 7.5 million people waiting there for the border to open; it’s closed, because the authorities are afraid that terrorists might cross the border along the refugees.
Those who can get through the border travel to Turkey, where they live in unbearable conditions because the UN decreased the per capita subsidy from €400 to €250. The Turkish authorities take away the refugees’ passports, because they only receive money after someone has registered, and if they register somewhere else with the same passport, the authorities will no longer receive aides in that person’s name.
Refugees in Turkey cannot get a work permit, and they cannot move freely in the country: from October, they can only stay in one city. No one gets their passports back, which leaves two ways for the refugees: work illegally, or wait, and do nothing.
There are currently two million people in camps in Turkey, waiting for the days to go by, but one thing is for sure: they want to go back to Syria. Zsuzsanna Zsohár would like to do something to help these people.
Her plan is to make environment friendly settlements, where those refugees who are living in passivity could have a more active lifestyle. So called “passive” houses would be built using eco-friendly materials, such as tires, tin cans, bottles, and renewable energy to maintain them.
The houses can have air conditioning without machines with the help of a pipe inserted into the ground: it drives the cool air into the houses. The rainwater would be collected to water plants, and for drinking, cooking, and showering, after it was cleaned. The water then can be used to flush the toilet, and then it goes into settling basins. The houses would also have a garden and a chicken-yard, so refugees could keep poultry and grow vegetables.
Zsohár is planning on making smaller settlements, so people could live together as a community and not just individuals. It would be possible for them to make their own decisions, and have a kind of municipality, and to live in peace, before they can return to their homelands. In this way, most people would probably still want to work and have and active life months after they have left their own country, instead of waiting passively for aids.
Thanks to Zsohár’s dedicated work, Migration Aid gained respect among other organizations, and her idea is welcomed by Bundestag, WHO, and UNHCR as well. The project should start next spring, so it can be concertized by next autumn. It’s possible that the war will continue in the next year as well.
It is evident, that Zsohár’s plan will not be easy to carry out, but if it works, than it can be extended to those refugees who have migrated to Europe but disappointed in the weather, in the governments, or in the society. This system can work for them as well, if they decide to leave Europe, and return to their homeland.
based on an article of hvg.hu
translated by Adrienn Sain
Photo: MTI, facebook.com/zsohar