Alpár Kató | Dec 8, 2018 | 2
The victims of the 1956 revolution: half of them were under 30
According to the data of the Central Statistical Office (KSH), 2700 people died during the events of the 1956 revolution, and more than half of the victims were under the age of 30.
Alfahir.hu cites the publication of KSH, according to which the office owns several reports that analyse the data of the events of the revolution and the period that followed the 23rd of October, 1956. The report about the victims of 1956 was already finished in 1957, but only very few people could access it.
After the change of regime, one of the first tasks of the new president, György Vukovich was to declassify the report about the victims of the 1956 revolution.
According to the data, out of the 2700 deaths 2195 were registered, while KSH found out about 307 deaths through cemeteries, exhumations and apartment deregistration. Moreover, the number of non-registered and non-exhumed deaths is around 100-150.
78% of the deaths happened in Budapest. Out of the people who fell victim to the events of the revolution, 85% were men and 15% were women.
The state healthcare service attended to almost 20 thousand injured between the 23rd of October and the end of the year. More than three fourths of the injuries were caused by machine-pistols and guns, while one fourth were caused by cannon-shots, landmine and grenade explosions. The majority of the injuries concerned limbs. Almost half of the injured were between the ages of 19 and 30, while almost one fourth were under 18. One seventh of the injured were women.
Regarding the countryside, the most deaths were registered in Pest (68), Bács-Kiskun (64), Győr-Moson-Sopron (62), Komárom (53) and Fejér (50) Counties.
More than half of the deceased were under the age of 30, and the mortality of the 23-year-olds was the highest: 7 deaths fell onto 10 thousand 23-year-olds.
Almost 60% of those who died during the revolution were physical workers or their dependants, but the number of intellectuals, soldiers and students is also quite significant.
Another previously encrypted document of KSH was published on the 13th of July, 1957 and included the main data about people who emigrated illegally between the 23rd of October, 1956 and the 30th of April, 1957. Based on the report, 274,704 Hungarian arrived in Austria until the 6th of April, 1957, while 19,181 Hungarians fled to Yugoslavia until the 26th of May, 1957. Moreover, the number of those who stayed in Austria temporarily without registration exceeds one thousand.
Featured image: www.fortepan.hu/Nagy Gyula