According to the snapshots of the current version of Facebook’s internal list of Dangerous Individuals and Organizations (DIO), over 4,000 individuals and organisations fall into the categories of “hate”, “crime”, “terrorism”, “militarised social movements”, and “violent non-state actors”. The list includes 26 Hungarian bands, organisations, the Kuruc.info website and the Nyilaskeresztes Párt (Arrow Cross Party).
The DIO list constitutes the foundation of Facebook’s Dangerous Individuals and Organizations policy. According to The Intercept, the names on this list align with individuals and organisations officially considered dangerous by the U.S. government. This blacklist is a collection of groups and individuals who can be associated with hate, crime, terrorism, militarised social movements or are violent non-state actors.
The categories mentioned above are organised into a three-tier system, with each tier corresponding to speech restrictions of varying severity. The tiers determine what other Facebook users are allowed to say about the banned entities, but
regardless of their tier, no one on the DIO list is allowed to maintain a presence on Facebook.
Tier 1 is the most strictly limited, including alleged terror, hate, and criminal groups and individuals allegedly associated with such groups who have caused “serious offline harm”. In this context, terror is defined as “organising or advocating for violence against civilians” and hate as “repeatedly dehumanising or advocating for harm against” people with protected characteristics, explains The Intercept.
The majority of Tier 1 consists of hate groups, American and Latin American gangs and drug cartels.
Any post expressing anything deemed to praise or support these groups and individuals is removed from the social media platform.
Tier 2 is labelled “violent non-state actors”. It includes mainly groups like armed rebels who engage in violence targeting governments
rather than civilians, like rebels in the Syrian Civil War. In the case of these groups, Facebook allows limited praise, but only for nonviolent actions.
Tier 3 marks the least severe category, comprising of entities that have violated Facebook policies on hate speech and dangerous organisations or have demonstrated an intent to “commit offline violence”,
but “have not necessarily engaged in violence to date or advocated for violence against others based on their protected characteristics”.
Telex pointed out that the DIO list includes
26 Hungarian bands, organisations and domains and the Hungarian nationalist Nyilaskeresztes Párt. All of these entities fall in the category of “hate”.
The majority of the bands such as Romantikus Erőszak (Romantic Violence), Oi-kor, Egészséges Fejbőr (Healthy Scalp), Magozott Cseresznye (Pitted Cherry), Radical Hungary, Archívum and Divízió 88 (Division 88) belong to the national rock/skinhead genre. Facebook has also added two far-right Hungarian language websites, Kuruc.info and Harcunk.info.
Kuruc.info was first banned from Facebook in 2011, but this ban was lifted after filing several complaints. Six years later, the social media platform reintroduced this ban.
Since then, Facebook users cannot mention the website’s name or share any of their articles. Harcunk.info was most likely added to the DIO list in 2020.