Every year, hundreds of thousands of people gather in Csíksomlyó (Şumuleu Ciuc) in Transylvania. But what is the reason for that? Read our article to learn about the history and significance of the pilgrimage (búcsú) in Csíksomlyó.
To this day, the Pentecost Pilgrimage to Csíksomlyó is one of the most important religious events in the history of all Hungarians. Every year, on Pentecost, Hungarian Catholic and Christian believers pilgrimage to Csíksomlyó, Transylvania, in the presence of hundreds of thousands of participants.
According to the faithful, the followers of the Roman Catholic Church can receive a full absolution at Csíksomlyó.
The believer who confesses their sins and repents, visits the shrine in the graceful state of the sacrament of confession and listens to the Holy Mass there, receives a full remission of the punishments remaining after the forgiveness of all their sins.
According to karpateuropa.hu, the Church and Monastery of St. Mary in Csíksomlyó is one of the greatest pilgrimage sites and cultural and historical monuments of Hungarians. The most valuable part of the church is the statue of the Virgin Mary with the baby Jesus.
Its history dates back to 1444, when Pope Eugene IV sent a circular letter to the faithful urging them to help the Franciscan order build a church.
In return for their help, he allowed them to hold a pilgrimage (búcsú).
The Pope also mentioned in the letter that large crowds of faithful used to gather for devotions and to venerate Mary. The Szekler people’s veneration of Mary goes back a long way, the ‘Lady dressed in the Sun’ being the main patroness of the people and the object of their prayers since the advent of Christianity.
Csíksomlyó became a true place of pilgrimage after the Peace Treaty of Trianon. From that time on, the statue symbolized not only the faith in God, but also the survival and the unity of Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin.
In 2022, on 4 June, the Saturday before Pentecost Sunday, the Pilgrimage to Csíksomlyó was held, which this year coincided with the Day of National Unity.
4 June marked the 102nd anniversary of the signing of the Peace Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in Hungary losing two-thirds of its territory, and some 3.3 million Hungarians stuck outside the borders of the new Hungarian state.
Every year, the pilgrimage has a motto. The 2005 pilgrimage motto was “Stay with us, Lord!”, the motto of the pilgrimage of 2010 was “Help us now, Mary”, and this year’s was
“Pax et bonum: Peace and goodness!”.
Source: karpateuropa.hu, Wikipedia, mandiner.hu, vasarnap.hu, hirado.hu